Sunday, September 15, 2019

Custom skins for TilesFX


Today I will tell you something about customs skins for TilesFX. This year at CodeOne in San Francisco the Oracle team created a really nice Raspberry Pi SuperComputer. And for this Pi cluster the guys from Gluon created a dashboard that monitors the cpu and memory usage and also the temperature of each Pi.
Lucky me they decided to go with TilesFX to create the dashboard but they had the problem that there was no skin that was good enough to visualize the CPU and memory usage in one Tile.
So they asked me if I could help them out with a skin and so I've created the CpuMemTileSkin which looks as follows:

If you would like to make use of the skin feel free to take the code from this gist.

To use the skin you first need to set it up as follows:

Random         rnd      = new Random();
ChartData      cpuItem  = new ChartData("CPU", Bright.RED);
ChartData      memItem  = new ChartData("MEM", Bright.BLUE);
GradientLookup gradient = new GradientLookup(Arrays.asList(
    new Stop(0.0, Bright.GREEN),
    new Stop(0.4, Bright.YELLOW),
    new Stop(0.8, Bright.RED)));

Tile cpuMemTile = TileBuilder.create()
                             .prefSize(200, 200)
                             .title("Node XY")
                             .chartData(memItem, cpuItem)
cpuMemTile.setSkin(new CpuMemTileSkin(cpuMemTile);

// Creating random values for cpu and mem
double cpu = rnd.nextDouble() * 100.0;
double mem = rnd.nextDouble() * 100.0;

// Set the cpu color related to it's value and set the value
cpuItem.setFillColor(gradient.getColorAt(cpu / 100));

// Set the mem color related to it's value and set the value
memItem.setFillColor(gradient.getColorAt(mem / 100));

So you set up two ChartData objects, one for cpu and one for mem and add them to the tiles chartData property in the TileBuilder.
Then you create a GradientLookup to change the color of each bar dependent on the current value (from green over yellow to red).
When this is done you can set the color and value of each bar by changing the value of the ChartData objects and that's all you need to do to make use of the custom TilesFX skin.

I hope this will help one or the other of you and if you have created a nice TilesFX skin please let me know...I'm always keen on seeing new stuff... :)

That's it for keep coding... :)

Monday, September 9, 2019

A new skin for TilesFX


Finally found some time to add some more features to TilesFX. This time I've added a new skin to visualize timeline data. Because our son has diabetes I would like to monitor his blood glucose values more closely using my TilesFX based dashboard at home.
So I figured out that there was no really useful skin available for TilesFX that I can use. But now there is...the TimelineTileSkin.
Here is a little screenshot of the new skin:

In principle the skin looks very similar to the SparklineTileSkin but here I simply can use time based to data. There is a ChartData class in TilesFX that has a timestamp property and so instead of using the value property of the Tile class one now simply add ChartData to the Tile.
To be able to visualize time based data I've added properties for a time period and for a max time period.
On the screenshot above the timePeriod is 3 hours which means the width of the tile represents 3 hours counting from now to 3 hours back in time. Every chartData object that you add which has a timestamp that is within the last 3 hours will be drawn. The tile will keep a max no of data defined by the maxTimePeriod property. Data that is older than 3 hours will move out of the graph on the left side and new data will be added on the right side. It is also possible to define a resolution in TimeUnits.
So if you would like to visualize the last 3 hours with a resolution of minutes you can define it by setting the timePeriodResolution with TimeUnit.MINUTES.
The smallest possible resolution is seconds, even if you set it to milliseconds or smaller it will be set back to seconds.
It is possible to use seconds, minutes, days and months. 
In addition to this I've also added a lowerThreshold with a lowerThresholdColor. The threshold and the lowerThreshold will be visualized with a dashed line that will be stroked with their given colors.
One could also define Sections with colors (the two red and one green areas on the screenshot above).
On the left side of the graph you see the minimum and maximum measured value (taken from the visible values!) In this case the highest measured value within the last 3 hours has been 349.
Like with the other charts one can define a number of stops that will be used to stroke the line when strokeWithGradient == true. Otherwise it will use the barColor to stroke the line. If you enable smoothing the line between the points will be smoothed, otherwise it will simply connect the data points.
On the right side of the chart you see the minimum and maximum value of the chart (0 and 350).
The small percentage values on the left side will show how many data points that are within the timePeriod are in each section. In the screenshot above this would mean for example that 18% of all visible data points are in the green section.

I've created the TimelineTimeSkin because I have a need for it to visualize the blood glucose values of our son, meaning to say it might not fit for your needs. So please let me know if you find some bugs or if you need something else and maybe I can help you with that.

The new skin is part of the latest version 11.6 which can be found here:

I hope this additional skin might help one or the other, so that's it for today...keep coding...

Friday, July 12, 2019

Some fun again...

Aloha everyone,

I think I'm too busy these days...just saw that my last post was from March...ZOMG
So last week I was in Basel at the Karakun office and met with my old friend Andres Almiray (which always is a pleasure) and we talked about some JavaFX and SVG stuff. After he left the office I was thinking about how to visualize multi-color SVG paths in JavaFX and started to create my own SvgNode.
But first why do I not use the already SVGNode in JavaFX to solve that problem? Well the SVGNode is nice but comes with the drawback that it only supports one single path with it's fill and stroke and that's it.
This works for almost all things I need but sometimes you simply need to support more than one path with separate fill and stroke for each path.
Here is a little example SVG that I've found on the web (over at which shows the problem...

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<!DOCTYPE svg PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.1//EN" "">
<svg width="100%" height="100%" viewBox="0 0 513 513" version="1.1" xmlns="" xmlns:xlink="" xml:space="preserve" xmlns:serif="" style="fill-rule:evenodd;clip-rule:evenodd;stroke-linejoin:round;stroke-miterlimit:2;">
    <path d="M235.135,235.135C159.925,310.345 135.231,275.075 26.004,422.225C17.921,433.114 20.496,448.544 31.694,456.194L33.637,457.521C38,460.501 43.224,461.88 48.503,461.642C58.83,461.176 80.859,464.825 116.106,492.951C167.374,533.862 226.035,500.058 252.374,473.719C281.232,450.167 320.774,395.21 285.236,340.081C273.056,321.188 266.597,306.174 263.368,294.601C258.079,275.643 275.644,258.078 294.602,263.367C306.175,266.596 321.188,273.055 340.082,285.235C395.21,320.773 450.168,281.233 473.72,252.373C500.06,226.033 533.863,167.373 492.952,116.105C464.826,80.858 461.176,58.829 461.643,48.502C461.881,43.223 460.503,37.999 457.522,33.636L456.195,31.693C448.545,20.495 433.115,17.921 422.226,26.003C275.075,135.231 310.344,159.925 235.135,235.135Z" style="fill:rgb(253,111,113);fill-rule:nonzero;"/>
    <path d="M85.968,403.053C106.035,377.514 146.121,331.223 206.362,303.757C214.498,300.047 224.098,301.902 230.29,308.353C252.48,331.471 295.699,389.535 234.658,451.558C177.284,509.854 117.679,460.332 87.834,431.163C80.132,423.636 79.314,411.522 85.968,403.053Z" style="fill:rgb(133,231,255);fill-rule:nonzero;"/>
    <path d="M109.686,409.31C101.985,401.784 101.167,389.668 107.82,381.2C113.481,373.995 120.737,365.137 129.588,355.518C110.289,373.237 95.743,390.609 85.966,403.054C79.313,411.521 80.131,423.637 87.832,431.164C117.677,460.334 177.283,509.855 234.656,451.559C238.431,447.724 241.803,443.904 244.81,440.106C191.186,481.359 137.507,436.5 109.686,409.31Z" style="fill:rgb(87,208,230);fill-rule:nonzero;"/>
    <path d="M61.163,438.023C64.067,435.193 62.465,430.262 58.452,429.679L45.283,427.766C43.689,427.534 42.312,426.534 41.599,425.09L35.71,413.157C33.915,409.52 28.729,409.52 26.935,413.157L21.046,425.09C20.333,426.534 18.956,427.535 17.362,427.766L4.193,429.679C0.18,430.262 -1.421,435.194 1.482,438.023L11.01,447.311C12.164,448.435 12.689,450.054 12.417,451.641L10.169,464.757C9.484,468.754 13.679,471.801 17.268,469.914L29.046,463.722C30.471,462.973 32.174,462.973 33.599,463.722L45.377,469.914C48.966,471.801 53.161,468.753 52.476,464.757L50.227,451.642C49.955,450.055 50.48,448.436 51.634,447.312L61.163,438.023Z" style="fill:rgb(250,220,96);fill-rule:nonzero;"/>
    <path d="M403.053,85.968C377.514,106.035 331.223,146.121 303.757,206.362C300.047,214.498 301.902,224.098 308.353,230.29C331.471,252.48 389.535,295.699 451.558,234.658C509.854,177.284 460.332,117.679 431.163,87.834C423.636,80.132 411.52,79.315 403.053,85.968Z" style="fill:rgb(133,231,255);fill-rule:nonzero;"/>
    <path d="M330.206,208.437C323.755,202.245 321.902,192.645 325.61,184.509C339.693,153.62 358.724,128.045 377.37,107.736C352.891,130.259 323.473,163.116 303.756,206.362C300.046,214.498 301.9,224.098 308.352,230.29C331.47,252.48 389.534,295.699 451.556,234.658C455.511,230.765 458.954,226.863 461.957,222.959C404.341,268.579 351.895,229.255 330.206,208.437Z" style="fill:rgb(87,208,230);fill-rule:nonzero;"/>
    <path d="M463.722,33.601C462.972,32.175 462.972,30.473 463.722,29.048L469.914,17.27C471.8,13.681 468.753,9.486 464.757,10.171L451.642,12.421C450.055,12.693 448.436,12.167 447.311,11.014L438.023,1.485C435.192,-1.419 430.262,0.184 429.677,4.196L427.763,17.365C427.531,18.959 426.531,20.336 425.087,21.049L413.154,26.939C409.517,28.734 409.517,33.918 413.154,35.713L425.087,41.603C426.531,42.316 427.532,43.693 427.763,45.287L429.677,58.456C430.26,62.469 435.192,64.072 438.023,61.167L447.311,51.638C448.435,50.485 450.054,49.959 451.642,50.231L464.757,52.481C468.753,53.166 471.801,48.971 469.914,45.382L463.722,33.601Z" style="fill:rgb(250,220,96);fill-rule:nonzero;"/>


If you open that file in a browser or graphics program you will see something like this...

As you can see this SVG contains multiple paths with different colors and it would simply be great to be able to visualize this in JavaFX.

So my SvgNode can handle multiple SvgPath objects which can be created using the SvgPathBuilder as follows:

SvgPath svgPath = SvgPathBuilder.create()
                                .effect(new DropShadow())

Then you can create a SvgNode as follows:

SvgNode svgNode = new SvgNode(svgPath);
svgNode.setPrefSize(100, 100);

The initial size of the SvgNode should be the original size of your SVG file to get the best results. 
The SvgNode will parse the given path string and will draw the path on a JavaFX canvas node. This works great even with multiple paths but comes with one problem...scaling.
If you scale the SvgNode control it will scale the embedded Canvas node which can lead to blurred shapes if your original size was small and you size the control to a large size.
So for the best result you should create the SVG in the size you later on need the SVG in your application.
To come back to the example in the is the representation of the sunglasses using my JavaFX SvgNode...

Not too bad for a quick hack... :)

As always you can find the source code over at github

I hope this will help one or the other...enjoy the upcoming weekend and keep coding...

Friday, March 1, 2019

TilesFX 11.1


Finally I've found some time to port TilesFX to Java 11. There are no new features yet but only the ability to use TilesFX with JDK11 and above.

Binaries for the different platforms can be found here:

Version 1.6.5 bintray 

Version 1.6.5 maven central.

JDK 11
Version 11.1 bintray

Version 11.1 maven central.

And that's it already, so keep coding...

Thursday, February 28, 2019

New charts...


Last year I superivsed two students from the FHNW in Switzerland at a work which was about creating two charts for my JavaFX charts library.
Unfortunately I simply was too busy to add them to the library but yesterday I finally found the time to do so.
So now you will find two new charts in the charts library which are a Pareto chart and a Force Directed Chart.
But first I have to say a big thank you to the two guys who did most of the work to make this charts happen, it is

Michael Läuchli and Stefan Mettler

They did a fantastic job in implementing these two charts and I'm more than happy to have the charts in my library.

The Pareto chart looks as follows:

The demo to test that chart can be found in the test package so feel free to play around with it.

The Force Directed Graph is more or less a copy of the d3 version of that chart and looks as follows:

You can load in different data and visualize it either using the mouse to organize the chart or use physics to let the chart organize itself.

The charts library can be found as always on github...

So have fun playing around with charts and keep coding...

Wednesday, February 6, 2019

Style it baby...


The people that know me know that I first was not a big fan of CSS in JavaFX and a year after that I was THE big fan of CSS but another year later I switched back to code only. There are several reasons for that but mainly it was about the performance of the CSS implementation and about missing features in CSS that made me mix up code and CSS which I did not like.
So I switched to code only in my Medusa and TilesFX library where I also use JavaFX Canvas which content is not styleable by CSS in the way the other nodes are.
Well don't get me wrong, I'm not completely against CSS in JavaFX, esp. for application level stuff it is great and fast enough. But when it comes to controls I do not really like it.
I knew that someday someone will ask me how to style a Medusa gauge or a TilesFX tile and here we go...

So if you really need to style a Medusa gauge by using CSS here is an example on how to do it.
In principle you need to create a new skin that makes use of CSS, in this example let's create a styleable version of the new PlainAmpSkin. It is simply a copy of the existing skin class where I removed the code that directly sets the colors and gradients and added some style classes.
The idea is to extend the Gauge class and in this new class add some styleable properties for the things that cannot be styled directly (e.g. the tickmarks and ticklabels because they are drawn in a Canvas node).
The styleable properties will be triggered by loading a css stylesheet that contains the defined style classes. So we simply add listeners to the styleable properties and trigger the appropriate properties in the Gauge class with the values from the styleable properties.
I hope you understand what I'm talking about :)
So the example is as follows:

1. We create a StyleableGauge class that has a styleable property named styleableTickmarkColor as follows:

public class StyleableGauge extends Gauge {

    private static final StyleablePropertyFactory<StyleableGauge> FACTORY = 
        new StyleablePropertyFactory<>(Control.getClassCssMetaData());
    private static final CssMetaData<StyleableGauge, Color> TICKMARK_COLOR = 
        g -> g.styleableTickmarkColor, Color.rgb(220, 220, 220), false);
    private final StyleableProperty<Color> styleableTickmarkColor;

    public StyleableGauge() {
    public StyleableGauge(@NamedArg("SKIN_TYPE") final SkinType SKIN_TYPE) {
        styleableTickmarkColor = 
            new SimpleStyleableObjectProperty<>(TICKMARK_COLOR, 

    public Color getStyleableTickmarkColor() { 
        return styleableTickmarkColor.getValue(); 
    public void setStyleableTickmarkColor(final Color COLOR) { 
    public ObjectProperty<Color> styleableTickmarkColorProperty() { 
        return (ObjectProperty<Color>) styleableTickmarkColor; 

    @Override public String getUserAgentStylesheet() {
        return StyleableGauge.class.getResource("custom-plain-amp.css").toExternalForm();

    public static List<CssMetaData<? extends Styleable, ?>> getClassCssMetaData() {
        return FACTORY.getCssMetaData(); }
    @Override public List<CssMetaData<? extends Styleable, ?>> getControlCssMetaData() { 
        return FACTORY.getCssMetaData(); 

2. We create a css file named "custom-plain-amp.css" that looks as follows:

.gauge {
    BRIGHT_COLOR   : rgb(220, 220, 220);

    -tickmark-color: BRIGHT_COLOR;

3. Now we need to create our custom skin named "CustomPlainAmpSkin".
In this skin we make use of the css style classes. Because the skin file simply is too long to show it here.
The complete example can be found in the medusademo project on github.

With this you can style even canvas node content indirectly by triggering "standard" properties in the control by making use of "styleable" properties. 
I would not recommend to use this approach as the standard approach but it is good enough to make use of CSS even if the controls do not support CSS styling directly.

I hope that was more or less clear for you to understand...otherwise just let me know :)

Oh and do not forget to keep coding... ;)

Friday, February 1, 2019

Friday Fun LXI Part 2

Found some additional time today to close some bugs in my Medusa JavaFX library and in addition I've quickly created another skin called PlainAmpSkin.
There was the request for the ability to switch off the black part of the AmpSkin and just show the scale to save place.
Instead of adding another property to the Gauge class I've simply created another skin based on the AmpSkin but without the black frame.
Here are images of both skins to give you a better understanding of what I'm talking about...

Both controls have the same size but it is obvious that the lower control makes better use of the available space.
So I hope this new skin will fit the needs of the people that requested the feature.
This additional skin and some bugfixes can be found in the latest Medusa release which is now 8.2.

As always you can find the 

source at github

binary at bintray

and on maven central.

So that's it for today...enjoy your weekend and keep coding...